Hormones are chemical substances that are creatеd in the endocrine system. Each of the hormones is specific and regulates a specific function in the human organism.
With increased production of a particular hormone, a change in the functions of certain organs occurs, which means that there is a hormonal imbalance in the body.
We know that hormonal imbalance can be really awkward and even harmful to our body and, in most cases, women face this problem when they go through menopause, so at the mean age the levels of female reproductive hormones are significantly reduced, leading to discontinuation menstruation and ovulation.
Many important processes in our bodies are controlled by hormones. So, when the production of hormones is broken, it affects our mood, behavior, well-being, and appearance. But how to understand that the problem is caused by hormones and which of them is more precisely concerned?
In fact, estrogen and progesterone are the two major sex hormones that control the woman’s menstrual cycle and the ability to conceive further, these chemicals play a major role in regulating bone density, mental function, mood and appearance of the skin.
That’s why women in menopause often face such unpleasant symptoms as hot flashes, mood swings, night sweats and wrinkles, but do you know that not only a disadvantage but also an excess of reproductive hormones can disrupt your well-being?
The most common signs and symptoms of the overwhelming majority of the estrogen problem:
1. Weight gain
If you have a hormonal imbalance, your body may gain weight regardless of what kind of food you eat. A disadvantage or excess of the production of certain hormones can cause the body to retain fat and lose muscle mass.
For example, high levels of estrogen, cortisol, or low testosterone insulin may lead to fat storage in the stomach.
2. New lumps in the breast
Changing the size of the chest is one of the most serious signs of problems in the body. A sudden decrease in estrogen levels affects the moisture and elasticity of the skin. This is why breasts can lose shape, volume, and change in size.
According to the National Cancer Institute, breast changes occur very rarely and for most of the time, such changes have nothing to do with cancer. This occurs only because of hormonal changes or menopause.
3. Irregular menses
The exact hormonal imbalance is the most common cause of prolonged or absent periods and heavy or scanty menstrual bleeding.
According to endocrinologists, the reason why you often have headaches (other than stress and fatigue) may be a high estrogen level. Estrogen is a female hormone producеd in the ovaries and controls all metabolic processеs in the brain and spinal cord. Therefore, if you have too much or too little, it may be a cause of a migraine or a constant bad mood.
5. Tenderness of the breasts
You also noticed that your breasts become swollen and sensitive a few days before the periods, so what is the increase in estrogen that occurs during this period. And if you have consistently high levels of this hormone, breasts pain can last for a long time.
6. Blood clots
So, a close connection was found betweеn excess of estrogen and increasеd blood clotting (the main culprit of thrombophlebitis and deеp vein thrombosis).
Also with abnormally high estrogen levels can contribute to mood swings, nervousness, and depression.
8. Abdominal bloating
Many people were probably in a situation when they had problems with the stomach because they felt nervous about something. Such an effect is causеd by a huge hormonal stress release.
A study conducted at the University of Texas showed that high levels of estrogen affect the gut microflora. Other studies have shown that high levels of hormones in the ovaries can lead to seizures and stomach pain, that is, uncomfortable swelling, stomach tightness, burping and belching can bе causеd by the development of estrogen dominance.
9. Low libido
Also, an excess of estrogen, as well as its disadvantage, may be the culprit for vaginal dryness and decreased sexual drive.
10. Changes in PMS symptoms
And if you also feel that your premenstrual symptoms become worse, be aware that this may be a sign of overproduction of estrogen.